When Somalia gained its independence in 1960, subsequent Somali governments structured a centralized unitary state. In the post-independent system, the President, Prime Minister, and the speaker of the parliament were those in the highest political leadership. After consultation with the political leaders, the President names the Prime Minister and then the Prime Minister appoints his cabinet ministers following a parliamentarian approval. Read more
I am taking an online course on Public Policy Challenges in the 21st century. In the first week of the course, the professor and the students were exploring issues that are likely to dominate the US public policy agenda in the year 2030.
The students’ focus was pivoted around multi-faceted issues. Among those issues were the environmental change and the technological advancement, the pervasive problems in the Middle East, shifting demographics (urbanization, globalization and immigration), income inequality, space explorations, growing extremism and the rise of economies of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa known as BRICs. Read more
After the overthrow of the former military regime in Somalia in 1991, all government institutions were destroyed. The country was engulfed by what a Somali architect described as ‘a man made earthquake.’ All public buildings were ruined by the prolonged civil war and the educational institutions such as The National Library were among the hardest hit. Read more
The official currency of Somalia is the “Somali Shilling”. It is the weirdest currency anyone could encounter. Unlike normal banknotes, the Somali currency is made up of only one denomination, 1000 Shilling banknote. More importantly, private citizens print the money and no one knows how many of the notes are in circulation. Read more
Galdogob is one of the districts of Mudug region. It is about sixty kilometers (60 km) west of Gaalkacyo town, the capital city of Mudug and is 12 Kilometers from the Ethiopian border. Though I was there for short 24 hours, I was however impressed with the progress and peace of Galdogob. The city has three radio stations, one large hospital built by the diaspora, two universities, and several primary and secondary schools. Its income mainly depends on remittances, the livestock rearing, and trade. Read more
Civics is the study of the great theoretical and practical aspects of citizenship, its rights and duties; the duties of citizens to each other as members of a political body and to the government. It includes the study of civil law and civil code, and the study of government with attention to the role of citizens in the operation and oversight of government. Civics is all about the study of good citizenship and proper membership in a community. It helps citizens understand the civic affairs and their duties and rights. Read more
It was my first time to travel to Baidoa. The days were limited, and here are five things I observed from Baidoa.
1. Solar water system
It was my first time seeing a Solar-Powered water system. It is a “Waqf” well given by Shati Gadud before his death. After his death, Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) developed the well into a Solar Water system. Read more
Somalia has many resource endowments. The most notable resources are the large fertile land, the livestock and the marine resources. Research shows that according to our migration from the rural to the urban, the number of livestock dropped. The agricultural production is also too weak. In addition, we do not know how to make use of our marine resources. Read more
Waxa ay ahayd subax Jimco ah. Waxa aan usoconnay aniga iyo saaxiibkey degmada Xamarweyne. Waxa aan taagnaa isgoyska Banaadir. Waxa aan sugayay gawaarida dadweynaha aadda Xamarweyne siina marta wadada Sayidka si aan dhaqsi ugu ugaaro halkii aan u socday. Read more
After a semester of my graduation, I was called by the university and was informed that the university planned for me to teach a course to the faculty I had graduated. It was unexpected news. I felt happy. I informed some friends that I might teach the university this semester. Read more